Semicolons;Sentence; SentenceRule 1: Between the period (.) and the comma (,) lies the semicolon (;). A semicolons link independent clauses with similar ideas and you do not use a coordinating (FANBOY) conjunction.ExampleQuarts is the most common mineral found in the world; ordinary sand is made up mostly of quartz.His mother will not allow him; she is afraid that he will get hurt.Rule 2: It joins two independent clauses when the clauses are connected by a conjunctive adverb like however, therefore, as a result, for example, etc. For more conjunctive adverbs, please click here.ExampleJohn was tired after a long and productive day at school; therefore, he took a nap.Leon's apartment complex does not allow dogs over thirty pounds; otherwise, he would have bought the gangly Great Dane puppy playing in the pet store window.The cat ate a bowlful of tuna; then, to the squirrels' delight, the fat feline fell asleep in the rocking chair.Rule 3: Separating items in a series when those items contain commas.Example: I lived in Paris, France; Deluth, Minnesota; and New Orleans, Louisiana.Note: If we did not use the semicolon, it would seem like I lived in five different places.The Colon:
Rule 1: Use a colon (:) to introduce a list or series of items.
- You should have the following books and supplies with you on the first day of class: Roget's Thesaurus, two pencils, a dictionary, and two notebooks.
Rule 2: Use a colon after the salutation of a business letter.Dear Sirs:
- These are the eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.
- Dear Madam:
Rule 3: Use a colon between the hour and the minute of time.
- It is now 4:22.
- The train is due here at 5:08.