How do social scientists use artifacts to interpret the past?
· How and why did ancient humans adapt and change over time?· What were the characteristics of hunter-gatherer societies?· How did the development of agriculture change daily life in the Neolithic Age?
Students will be able to...
Use artifacts to draw conclusions about the past
Describe the physical and cultural adaptation of each hominid group
· Analyze how the capabilities of each hominid group helped them survive
· Identify Neolithic settlements and explain the reason for their location
Students will know...
· Archaeologists study past cultures by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts.
· Archaeologists help determine human development [Australopithecus - Homo Sapiens Sapiens]
· Homo Sapiens emerged in Africa between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago.
· Early humans were hunters and gatherers, whose survival depended on the availability of wild plants and animals.
· Some early humans migrated from Africa to Eurasia.
· Hunter-gatherer societies during the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) were nomadic, invented the first tools, invented simple weapons, learned how to make fire, lived in clans, developed oral language, created “cave art”, and developed clothing
· There were key differences between life in the Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages (stable food supply, shelters and communities, jobs and trade).