• shared text

  • Toliver

    Shared Text

    Genre: Historial Fiction

    Summary: When her grandfather is injured, 10-year-old Ellen Toliver replaces him on a top-secret patriotic mission. Disguised as a boy, she manages to smuggle a message to General George Washington. Set in New York in the late 1700s.


    How do good readers combine information from the text with what they already know to develop new understandings?

    How does summarizing after reading deepen understanding? Are there different ways to summarize?

    Summarize and Synthesize

    Literary Elements

    • Interpret, compare, describe, analyze literary elements€
    • Identify characteristics of historical fiction
    • Recognizes traits, actions, motives, and conflicts
    • Analyzes characters’ relationships
    • Determines how and why characters change
    • Identifies point of view of the narrator (1st and 3rd person)
    • Explains relationships or interactions between characters, topics, events, ideas, setting, and/or plot in fiction
    • Identifies and analyzes theme in story
  • Twisters

    Shared Text:
    Night of the Twisters

    Genre: Realistic Fiction

    When a tornado watch is issued one Tuesday evening in June, twelve-year-old Dan Hatch and his best friend, Arthur, don't think much of it. After all, tornado warnings are a way of life during the summer in Grand Island, Nebraska. But soon enough, the wind begins to howl, and the lights and telephone stop working. Then the emergency siren starts to wail. Dan, his baby brother, and Arthur have only seconds to get to the basement before the monstrous twister is on top of them. Little do they know that even if they do survive the storm, their ordeal will have only just begun. . . 
    Further Reading Links:

    The REAL Night of the Twisters

     Key Essential Questions

      --> How do good readers analyze the text and make inferences to help them understand the story? 

    --> What details and clues does the author present to help the reader make inferences?

    ·   How does actively thinking about the author’s ideas while reading help comprehension?

    ·   How can readers use the character’s thoughts and dialogue to gain insight into how characters might react and do next as the plot develops?

    ·   Is the author sharing information with us through what the characters say, what they think, what actions they take, and how they interact with other characters?

     Comprehension Skills and Strategies:

    Activate and Connect

    Make Inferences

    • €        Infer and identify theme
    • €        Identify cause and effect relationships
    • €        Explain the importance of setting to a story’s message

    Literary Elements

    • €        Interpret, compare, describe, analyze literary elements
    • €        Describe elements of setting
    • €        Analyze plot (problem, key events, solution)

    Other Skills

    • €        Compare/ Contrast